“FREE Online Roulette - Play 45+ Free Games (No Download) - Casino.Org News” plus 2 more

“FREE Online Roulette - Play 45+ Free Games (No Download) - Casino.Org News” plus 2 more


FREE Online Roulette - Play 45+ Free Games (No Download) - Casino.Org News

Posted: 11 Jun 2016 01:03 PM PDT

[unable to retrieve full-text content]FREE Online Roulette - Play 45+ Free Games (No Download)  Casino.Org News

Isaac Newton Vs. Las Vegas: How Physicists Used Science To Beat The Odds At Roulette - Forbes

Posted: 23 May 2017 12:00 AM PDT

While Einstein famously attempted to forbid God from playing dice, his ordinance certainly did not apply to physicists. Indeed, scientists sometimes fall prey to the jangling siren song of clinking cash that lures so many people into casinos. After a long day applying the "Monte Carlo Method" (a simulation technique named after the Monaco gambling mecca), for example, some researchers might want to take a break and try their hands at the real thing.

A 'Monte Carlo' simulation allows one to calculate an approximate answer to any problem, in... [+] principle, by simulating possible outcomes that obey a certain rule. Here, thousands of simulations come together to calculate pi.

Einstein's dictum applied to his belief that quantum physics is fundamentally deterministic. On some level, he surmised, knowing the initial state of a quantum system with absolute precision, as well as all of its relevant forces, would enable calculation of all of its future states. On the contrary, untold experiments, drawing on the famous theorem of John Bell, have proven that quantum measurements possess a fundamental, built-in randomness that cannot be avoided. From a physical perspective, there's no way to "beat the dealer" in guessing quantum outcomes.

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Even by taking advantage of quantum entanglement, it should be impossible to do better than random... [+] guessing when it comes to knowing what the dealer's hand holds.

Maksim / CSTAR of Wikimedia Commons

Ironically, a dice roll itself is more deterministic than the typical quantum measurement. That is because tossing dice is largely a classical process, governed by Newton's mechanistic laws of motion. Classically, if you could precisely record the position, orientation, and initial velocity of a pair of dice thrown in the air, and map out the environmental conditions acting on it such as air currents, you could tell before it hit the table if a particular roll would produce "snake eyes," (a pair of ones) "double sixes," or anything in between.

A random roll of two dice has 11 different possible outcomes, with a '7' occurring 1/6 times, but a... [+] '2' or a '12' happening just 1/36 times.

Skitterphoto / Pexels

Roulette is another game of chance that is absolutely predictable, given sufficient knowledge of the initial conditions and forces involved. Surely, the moment that a roulette wheel is spun and a ball is set into motion along a track in the opposite direction, the fate of which slot the ball will land in is sealed. How the ball and wheel begin their trajectories clearly governs their rendezvous with destiny once the former leaves the track, bounces around, and ends up on one of the latter's numbered spokes—rewarding those gamblers who bet on that outcome.

In practice, though, the game of roulette allows virtually no time to apply physics savvy for successful betting. Moreover, the very fact that a tiny variation in the initial conditions, such as the speed or trajectory of the ball, can dramatically alter the outcome, making predicting roulette outcomes a daunting task, in a practical sense. Some casinos forbid bets after the wheel starts spinning. Others—perhaps to build excitement—permit wagers for just a few rotations before the dealer calls no more bets. Tantalizingly, but not realistically, one might hope that a quick glance at the spinning rotor might spur a solid guess and an auspicious placement of chips.

Al Hibbs won an estimated $12,000 from the casinos in Nevada during his 1947 excursion there. He... [+] later appeared on 'You Bet Your Life.'

Archive photo from ranker.com

In the late 1940s, two friends at the University of Chicago, mathematics graduate student Albert "Al" Hibbs and medical student Roy Walford, decided to take a break from their studies and attempt the beat the odds at casinos in the only state where gambling was then legal: Nevada. Hopping on their motorcycles, they scooted down to Reno, where they carefully studied the properties of roulette wheels to look for weaknesses to exploit. Later, they also frequented casinos in Las Vegas to do the same.

Corbis media

Early wheels were cruder than today's and sometimes had defects. Such flaws, the students realized, offered the key to successful prediction. By studying the mechanical idiosyncrasies of various machines, they developed predictive models, carefully placed bets, and manage to win thousands of dollars. They used much of their earnings to buy a boat and sail around the world.

Once his gambling ventures were finished, Hibbs, who had received his undergraduate degree from Caltech, returned there as a graduate student in theoretical physics, where he completed his PhD work under Richard Feynman. He collaborated with Feynman on a co-authored textbook, Quantum Mechanics and Path Integrals. Hibbs and Feynman would remain close friends for life.

The book they published together, on quantum mechanics and path integrals, was well known for... [+] teaching the path integral approach to a generation of physics students.

Evolving Lens Booksellers

Hibbs and Walford were very open about their casino-beating methods. In December 1949, they were featured prominently in a Life Magazine story. Soon, and perhaps as a result, casinos began upgrading their equipment. Biased wheels were replaced with ones that ran far more smoothly. They wanted to make sure no one could repeat the two young scientists' exploits.

In January 1959, Groucho Marx invited Hibbs on his popular television quiz show, "You Bet Your Life." Millions of television viewers heard Hibbs speak about his casino-beating feats and plug his textbook. Groucho, with typical flair, wrung all the comic lines he could out of Hibbs' dual role as quantum physicist and gambler.

Albert Hibbs (2nd from left) appears on Groucho Marx's show, You Bet Your Life, in 1959, to discuss... [+] his casino exploits.

NBC-TV, 1959

Both Hibbs and Walford went on to illustrious careers. After graduate school, Hibbs moved on to a position at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) where he became famous as its mission announcer: "the voice of JPL." Behind the scenes, he was involved in many missions. Notably, he played a major role in the launch of Explorer 1, the first American satellite to orbit the earth, on January 31, 1958, six weeks after Sputnik was launched by the Soviets. He also trained to be an astronaut in the Apollo mission, but was never selected to fly before the program was cancelled in the early 1970s.

The launch of Explorer 1 in 1958 represented the start of the United States' participation in the... [+] space race.

NASA

Walford, as a physician, became known for his advocacy of a severely calorie-restricted diet as the key to longevity. He served for many years on the faculty of UCLA, and was also crew-member in the Biosphere II mission to create a sustainable, livable environment disconnected from Earth's resources.

In 1955, while a second-year physics graduate student at UCLA, Edward Thorp learned about Hibbs and Walford's exploits and decided to try to beat the casinos himself. Given that roulette wheels no longer had discernible defects, he realized he would need to develop a new strategy. The key, he decided, would be a small computer, worn by someone observing how the wheel was spun and the ball was launched, that was fast and powerful enough to calculate their trajectories and make a prediction. Pretending just to be a casual onlooker, that observer would transmit the forecast by radio to a second participant charged with placing bets.

Ed Thorp was a noted gambling enthusiast, shown here posing with the rules and strategy for... [+] blackjack.

Life Magazine / 1964

After building a prototype, and testing his methods in the late 1950s, Thorp took on a position at MIT where he became acquainted with mathematician Claude Shannon. Shannon, who was widely known for his contributions to information theory through his unique definition of "information entropy," became interested in Thorp's work through a related project on using computational methods to master the card game "blackjack." When Thorp told him about his roulette prediction ideas, Shannon went right to work on constructing roulette wheel models and tiny computers to track them.

Claude Shannon, mathematician, worked with Thorp to construct model roulette wheels in the hopes of... [+] beating the odds at the house.

The New Yorker

By 1961, Thorp and Shannon had built and tested the world's first wearable computer: it was merely the size of a cigarette pack and able to fit into the bottom of a specially-designed shoe. Toe switches would activate the computer once the wheel and ball were set into motion, collecting timing data for both. Once the computer calculated the most likely result, it would transmit that value as musical tones to a tiny speaker lodged in an earpiece. The wires were camouflaged as much as possible.

For several years, on various occasions, Thorp and Shannon, along with their wives, tried out their methods in Las Vegas. They ran into the snag that they didn't want to be too obvious in always placing late bets. Therefore, they had to mix their optimal bets, made after the wheel had revolved a few times and could be tracked, with random ones, placed before the spinning began. That mixture made it hard for them to profit. Finally, in 1966, Thorp decided to let the cat out of the bag and publish their methods.

By then, Thorp had became a professor of mathematics at U.C. Irvine, a position he held for many years. He continued to write books and articles about the mathematics and science of gambling.

In almost any 'game of chance,' there's an optimal strategy for maximizing your winnings/minimizing... [+] your losses, from a mathematical/statistical point of view.

Pixabay / ToNic-Pics

The next generation of scientific roulette masters—a group of hip, counterculture graduate students studying at UC Santa Cruz in the 1970s—were even savvier. Led by astrophysics major J. Doyne Farmer and statistics major Norman Packard (a recent graduate of Reed College), they called themselves "Project Rosetta Stone," alternatively known as "The Project" and "The Eudaemons" (after a Greek ethical system based on listening to the "good voice" inside your head, known as "eudaimonism."). Thomas Bass, another group member, would document their antics in a popular book called The Eudaemonic Pie.

Keen on upgrading Thorp's methods, Farmer designed an even more compact shoe computer, with a state-of-the-art processor, and easy to operate toe switches. To eliminate the need for extra wiring, the computer would send its prediction as a direct signal to part of the foot, a bit like the vibrating mechanisms of modern phones. They managed to use their system discretely at casinos, estimating a 44% profit on each dollar bet. All earnings were pooled by the group.

The infamous 'shoe computer' used to beat the casino by the Eudaemon group. Photo of The Eudaemonic... [+] Pie display at the Heinz Nixdorf Museum.

Hydro.tiger / Wikimedia Commons

Once Farmer and Packard completed their degrees they became attracted to the nascent field of chaotic dynamics. Along with two other Santa Cruz students—Robert Shaw and Californian James Crutchfield--they founded the "Dynamical Systems Collective," to study dynamical systems that behaved chaotically. The group soon became known as the "Chaos Cabal," and produced a number of important papers.

By the mid-1980s, casinos upgraded their equipment once more and prohibited the use of computers. Although, in theory, it would now be harder for students today to gain an advantage through their knowledge of mathematics and physics, the so-called MIT Blackjack Team implemented a system to great success in the 1990s, as detailed in the book, Bringing Down The House.

From Hibbs and Walford, to Thorp and Shannon, and finally to Farmer and Packard, we see how an interest in beating the odds would lead to successful scientific careers. On the roulette wheel of life, their gambles paid off splendidly.

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Posted: 18 May 2017 03:10 AM PDT

Roulette, or little wheel in French, grew popular in late-18th century France. However, it was over a century earlier when Blaise Pascal developed a primitive form of the game during his quest for a perpetual motion machine.

Though the laws of physics got in Pascal's way, the failed experiment served as a template for one of the best-known casino games of the last 200 years.

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Roulette: big money, no whammy

A popular game in the full scope of casino gaming, roulette offers one of the higher hold percentages for casinos.  

Research from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) records how more money is held on roulette tables in Nevada than any of the other popular table games. This includes games like 21, Craps, or Baccarat. It's by a clear margin of several percentage points to boot.  

One might propose a couple reasons why this is the case. The first explanation is that roulette has an inherently higher house advantage, 5.26%, than blackjack or craps. (House advantage is a concept that will be discussed further in this game review.)

Second, in a more abstract sense, roulette highlights a significant concept, one that permeates every casino in the world, the gambler's fallacy. Defined as a logical fallacy that is the root of many common (illogical) gambling practices, roulette is the perfect game to demonstrate why casinos are profitable ventures. Lose a $5 bet on RED last spin? Why not bet $10 on RED next spin?

How to play roulette online

Roulette's lasting popularity likely stems from its simplicity.  

Though there are a few different kinds of bets with different payouts, roulette is ultimately a game where a ball spins around a wheel and lands on a number. Players place wagers on a roulette layout, usually felt, where their wagers (in chips or chip-like markers) are paid or taken based on where the ball lands on the wheel.  

The game is generally a hands-on experience for players. They are the ones responsible for marking the felt with their chips or markers. The phrase "chips or markers" is used because casino patrons are welcome to place a casino chip with a cash value directly on the felt. Alternately, they can ask the casino to provide markers, or "lammers" as they are commonly called. (These look very similar to chips.)  

Roulette lammers are colorful to differentiate the wagers. A player might pass the croupier (game operator) a $20 bill in exchange for 10 $2 lammers or ask for five lammers, assigning a value of $4 each. Within certain limits, players may ask to assign any value to their lammers. Don't be afraid to communicate with the croupier when first buying into the game.

Players get paid with their color lammer on winning wagers. When it's time to cash out, the croupier will be happy to exchange lammers for larger denomination chips with cash value. For reference, a few of the most common bets and their payouts are:

  • Exact number: 35-1
  • Color (red or black): 1-1
  • Even or Odd: 1-1
  • Thirds / column: 2-1

Roulette odds: the truth in numbers

Roulette has an inherent house advantage of 5.26%. This means that if one bets $100 anywhere on the felt, the player's expected return is $94.74.

Hold percentage is naturally higher than house advantage. This is because players do not have the bankroll or time to beat the casino in the long run. 

Furthermore, roulette affords opportunities to win many multiples of one's wager, like three, eight, or up to 35 times players' initial wager. But players can also lose those profits quickly. While other table games have specific wagers manufactured within them that are (in terms of expected value) worse for the player, roulette is generally known by the gambling community to be one of the less friendly games to gambling bankrolls.  

A very key point is that every possible wager is equally disadvantageous to the player. A $10 bet on 00 or RED or EVEN would carry the same negative expected value of -$0.526 (fifty-two point six cents).

Prevalence and fun

But let's face it: roulette just looks fun. Gamblers are willing to trade some house advantage for the long, historic tradition of placing wagers on the classic felt and watching that unmistakable white ball spin around the wheel.  

Players experience the excitement of placing their last-second wagers after the ball has been released and begins to spin. Croupiers announce the timeless phrase "no more bets" while making a waving gesture. Then, players eagerly await the ball to fall off the track and land in a compartment on which a unique number (and color) is printed.

The game, however, cannot be found in every casino. Often, roulette is nowhere to be found in jurisdictions that don't support full Class III Las Vegas-style gambling.  

Certainly, roulette is a staple in Las Vegas, Atlantic City, and in casinos all across Europe. But what about in Native American casinos? Or state-sponsored card rooms in places like California or Florida

Neither the Golden State nor the Sunshine State offer the classic casino game. Governing regulations can be cited for why roulette isn't offered in certain jurisdictions. Yet a gambling establishment's ability to operate profitably without the game is also of note.

The times they are a changin'

Casino managers and corporate employees are always reviewing ways to make profitable adjustments to existing casino games. Until recently, many assumed that roulette was not a game casinos would alter to be more advantageous to the house and disadvantageous to the player — and most importantly while not adding anything unique, enterprising, or substantial of value for the player.

Even Dylan could not have harmonized the recent Las Vegas Sands (NYSE: LVS) move to add a third zero to roulette tables at the Venetian. The gaming giant tries to spin the monstrosity as a fun, new game — Sands Roulette. In reality, it's the timeless classic with a 7.7% house advantage.

The house edge on roulette

Before jumping into the concepts of the gambler's fallacy, independent events, and mutual exclusivity, it helps to establish a clear thesis that the only way to (legally) affect the casino's advantage is to play only old-fashioned European Roulette. (It has only one green zero on the felt.)  

A fair motto might be the fewer zeros, the better. The standard roulette wheel today, sometimes differentiated as American Roulette, features a zero and double zero. If there are 38 numbers on the felt, but a wager on exactly the correct number pays 35-1, the casino has a 5.26% house advantage on the game.

It's a little simple math — don't be alarmed:

  • Odds of 35-1 means there are 36 total parts.
  • 36/38 = .9474
  • 1 – .9474 = .0526
  • = 5.26%.

You can see how on a single roulette wheel, the house advantage is 2.7%. On the unfortunate Sands Roulette, it's 7.7 %. Conclusion: don't play triple zero roulette.

It's important for gamblers to understand that each roulette spin is an independent event. That means previous spins do not impact the odds or probability going forward. There are 38 possible outcomes on a typical double zero roulette game. Eighteen are red, 18 black, and two are green.

There is an 18/38, or about a 47.4%, chance the ball will land on a red or black number. What is the probability that the ball will land on a red number if the past 10 spins landed on red? What if the last 12 spins were black? It's always 47.4 %, independent from any past or future spins.

Wheel bias

This author, his host, and sponsors clearly and absolutely decry any form of cheating. That said, it would be unfair to ignore in a historical context how players have gained an edge by recording wheel bias.

Ultimately, roulette wheels are man-made. While today's wheels are manufactured with computer precision, in a past era, the most astute gambler may have been able to record and exploit some of the smallest biases in wheel imperfections.

Keep an eye on things

In addition to playing the best version of the game one can find, there are a few basic things to remember when playing.  

It is the croupier's job to keep an eye on things. However, it always helps to pay attention to one's own action. Even though roulette is a game with a lot of movement and excitement, don't hesitate to speak up and ask the croupier for assistance or clarification. They're there to help.

Keep your chips (roulette lammers) stacked neatly. There is no reason to have chips or lammers in a messy pile sprawled everywhere. Maintaining neat stacks in your personal space allows everyone involved — the croupier, pit boss, and surveillance alike — to ensure all patrons are having the best experience possible.  

Lammers are generally a good idea. Every roulette player receives uniquely colored lammers. They must only touch his or her own color. Though casinos allow chips with cash value to play, it doesn't hurt to accept lammers anyway. (Even for high rollers wagering black $100 chips on single numbers.)

As an aside, two or more players often make the same wager by placing their respective lammers on the same spot on the felt. When they do so, they stack their lammers vertically. With multiple players betting on the same outcome(s), colorful assortments of lammers begin to stack up on one another.

Roulette online and mobile experiences

Roulette has been a big part of the online gaming experience for decades now. In fact, it was an easy-to-implement game for online casinos. This is due to the limited player decision-making and absence of player involvement in the outcome.

The online gaming experience has come a long way since the first online gaming platforms 20 years ago. Roulette as a game, however, is still as recognizable as it was generations before.

On the mobile casino front, roulette is certainly a game casinos want to have. Mobile software has many more intricacies though.  

How do players navigate whole layouts on four-inch screens? Tablet versions won't have this problem, but one might expect mobile versions to offer a zoom feature. From there, a change in camera view reveals the satisfying experience of the ball's journey around the wheel.  

Software gives the user the option to speed up the event of spinning. They can go straight to the announcement of the number or provide a more natural experience that takes several seconds. Whatever your pleasure, today's digital casino experience is ready for roulette. You'll find the timeless classic casino game molds well into the modern gameplay environment.

If you are looking for places to play roulette online, just about every social online casino offers a version of the game. Additionally, many real-money New Jersey online casinos offer free-play versions of their games outside of the Garden State.

If you are lucky enough to be in New Jersey, you can play roulette online at a number of different online casinos, such as Golden Nugget, Tropicana, or Caesars Casino.

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